Things to do to Stop Global Warming  

rm_lovelyLady 64F
552 posts
10/28/2005 9:59 am
Things to do to Stop Global Warming

Dr. Michael Oppenheimer shares the top three ways we all can help slow down global warming and save our planet.

1. Drive an energy-efficient car. Hybrids, cars that run on both gasoline and electricity, are the most fuel-efficient cars according to Consumer Reports.
2. Buy energy-efficient appliances. Look for the blue Energy Star label.
3. Use energy-saving light bulbs. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), if every American household replaced 5 of their current light bulbs with 5 compact fluorescent light bulbs, it would save as much energy as if we took 8 million cars of the roads.

Three Different Views on Global Warming
There's a sharp difference of opinion among scientists about global warming and the risks it may pose. A few scientists say scenarios of rapid climate change are unwarranted. But others are worried that rising levels of carbon dioxide could trigger a sharp and painful change in the Earth's climate. Scientists are influenced by the way they interpret data, but also by their broader world views. In a three-part series for Morning Edition, NPR's Richard Harris spoke to three prominent scientists about their views on global warming.

Part 1: Richard Alley, Penn State University Glaciologist

Richard Alley discovered something 10 years ago that made him worry the Earth's climate could suddenly shift, and it changed his life. It was a two-mile long ice core, pulled up from the center of Greenland. It contained bubbles of air that reveal what the Earth's atmosphere was like over a period of 100,000 years. The ice core showed that at one point, in as little as 10 years, the global climate had drastically changed. Soon after that discovery, climate change became a personal crusade for Alley.

Part 2: John Christy, University of Alabama Climatologist

Last fall, the Senate debated a bill that would have created regulations to combat global warming. Sen. James Inhofe [R-OK] led the opposition, and went so far as to call global warming a hoax. He based that statement, in part, on the work of John Christy, a professor and director of the Earth System Science Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville.

Christy is a respected climatologist, but he's also a maverick who argues that global warming isn't a problem worth worrying about. His major contribution has been to analyze millions of measurements from weather satellites, looking for a global temperature trend. He's found almost no sign of global warming in the satellite data, and is confident that forecasts of warming up to 10 degrees in the next century are wrong.

Part 3: Wallace Broecker, Columbia University Oceanographer

When Wallace Broecker started his career in science more than 50 years ago, no one was worried that humans could change the climate. Broecker, now an oceanographer with Columbia University, has helped to reverse that. And he's using his considerable stature to advocate a far-out scheme to slow global warming: giant machines would absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and the concentrated gas could be either pumped deep underground or turned into carbon-rich rocks. This certainly wouldn't be cheap, but he says it would be easier than social engineering.

Do you think about it?
What do you think about it?
What would you do if it was proved, beyond a shadow of a doubt, that it is 100 % true and happening right now?
Would you make changes?
Do you think the world population could ever agree to do what are the right things to do to stop Global Warming?
Will youmake changes?
1. Drive an energy-efficient car. Hybrids, cars that run on both gasoline and electricity, are the most fuel-efficient cars according to Consumer Reports.
2. Buy energy-efficient appliances. Look for the blue Energy Star label.
3. Use energy-saving light bulbs. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), if every American household replaced 5 of their current light bulbs with 5 compact fluorescent light bulbs, it would save as much energy as if we took 8 million cars of the roads.
4. Recycle
5. Unplug appliances when not in use
6. Conserve energy:
7. Become a Green Tag subscriber:
8. Learn about global warming:
9. Lifestyle Choices - Organizing your life so that your transportation choices don't hurt the environment.
10. Driving Style - Simple choices to make while driving.
11. Avoid Hitting Wildlife With Your Vehicle - How to avoid an accident that hurts both you and local wildlife.
12. Vehicle Maintenance and Washing - Daily, monthly, seasonally and annually, your choices will prolong the life of your vehicle and the planet.
13. Winter and Summer Tips - Things to keep in mind as the temperature rises and drops.
14. Purchasing a Vehicle - Which are the most fuel-efficient? Learn also about tax benefits for buying hybrids and alternative vehicles.
15. Fuel From Junk Food - Learn about biodiesel, made from vegetable or animal fats and oils.

More Energy Conservation Tips ideas...

Conserving Energy at Home


*Turn off the lights that you are not using.
*Buy compact fluorescent bulbs, which reduce energy use by up to 75 percent. Set a goal of at least replacing the bulbs that are most commonly on in your home.
* If your older children live with you, put them in charge of the electricity bill. They'll make sure all the lights are turned off if they are responsible to for paying for the electricity.
*Do not place lamps near a thermostat. The thermostat senses the heat produced from the lamp which can change how often your furnace or air conditioner will run.
*Consider safer, more efficient Energy Star torchiere lamps over popular halogen torchiere lamps. The halogen lamps can cause fires, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. While relatively inexpensive to purchase, halogen lamps are expensive to operate.
* Use dimmers, timers and motion detectors on indoor and outdoor lighting.

Heating and Cooling Your Home

*Change or clean your furnace and air conditioner filters regularly to keep heating and cooling systems running efficiently. Dust can restrict airflow and stress the system. Filters can be washable or disposable. Measure the existing filter to make sure to buy a filter that fits properly. It is best to keep several filters on hand as replacements during the cooling season.
* Instead of disposing of a dirty furnace or air conditioner filter, you could vacuum it once per month and spray it with Endust or a similar product which restores the dust-catching ability of the filters. You can reuse the filter two or three times this way.
* Install a programmable thermostat to regulate your heating and cooling when you are not home.
*Test windows and doors to see if they need new weather-stripping by lighting a candle and moving it around the perimeter of the window or door. If the flame flickers, you need to install new weather-stripping. Don't put the candle near curtains or blinds though.
*Get your furnace and air conditioner inspected every few years.
*Install "draft blockers" or gasket insulators behind light switches and electrical outlets.
* Install window film for windows that you don't open often, or that seem drafty.
* Plant deciduous trees outside windows on the south side of your house to provide shade in summer and allow sunlight in winter.
* If you live in a house or apartment with water-heated radiators, put foil-faced insulation board between the radiators and the outside walls, with the foil side facing the room.
* Avoid water beds which use a lot of energy to heat in the winter. If you have a water bed, insulate around it and cover it with many blankets to keep the heat in.
* Install ceiling fans to improve the efficiency of your heating and cooling systems.
*Add attic insulation to increase the efficiency of both your furnace and air conditioner. A good standard is to reach "R30," which a contractor should understand.
*Make sure draperies, furniture or rugs do not block vents. These vents should also be cleaned regularly with a vacuum or a broom.


*Set your water heater to a lower setting or call a service person to adjust it for you.
*Put an appropriate insulation blanket around your water heater.
*Run your dishwasher without the "drying cycle" and just let dishes drip dry.
*Do full loads when you use clothes washers and dishwashers.
*To reduce the amount of dishes to wash, label the bottom of cups and mugs with family member's names.
*Reduce the amount of towels to wash by labeling towels or hooks.
*Choose cold or warm cycles over hot cycles because heating the water for laundry consumes 90 percent of the energy of the laundry process.


*Hang your clothes to dry either on a clothesline or a clothes tree, at least some of the time. In the winter, this is a natural humidifier in a dry room.
*Reduce ironing time by taking clothes out when they are slightly damp and hanging them up, or right away when the clothes are dry. If you get to the dryer too late, you can put a damp towel inside and run the dryer for a few minutes to get the same effect.
*Empty the lint trap after each use of the dryer.
*Dry light and heavy clothing separately for maximum efficiency.
*To make room for drying clothes, buy an expandable shower curtain rod and put it in the shower. Hang clothes on hangers.
* Install a dryer vent hood where your dryer discharges to the outside to reduce the amount of heat escaping from this hole.


*Buy rechargeable batteries and a recharger.
*Only purchase toys that don't require batteries.

Refrigerators and Freezer

*Keep condenser coils clean on the back of your refrigerator. Gently wipe and vacuum them once a year. Many fridges have a removable panel around the coils. Keep the back of the fridge at least four inches from the wall.
*Make sure the fridge door gasket seals tight. Test it by putting a piece of paper in a closed door. Pull on the paper and if it comes out too easily, you need to replace your gasket. Test at several places along the door. Another way to test: put a flashlight in your fridge and see if the light leaks out when you close the door.
*Check the temperature of your fridge and freezer by putting a thermometer in a glass of water. Put the glass of water in the center shelf in the center of the fridge. It should read 38-40 degrees Fahrenheit. The freezer should read 0-5 degrees Fahrenheit.
* If you have a large freezer, keep it in the basement or as cool a room as possible.
*The fuller the freezer, the more energy efficient it is.
*Let hot food cool down a bit before you put it in the fridge.
* Install your fridge away from direct sun or your rangetop or oven.
*Try not to use a second refrigerator.
* Make sure your fridge is absolutely level to ensure the door gets closed every time you open it.


*Use a microwave rather than an oven, range or toaster oven whenever possible.
* Choose small appliances over big ones, such as a toaster oven, electric teapot, rice cooker, electric frypan or a crockpot.
* Cover pans when cooking to keep heat in.
*Turn off the burner or oven before the food is completely cooked.
*Use a pressure cooker whenever possible.
*Make more food than you need for one meal and then heat the leftovers in a microwave.
*Bake with glass or ceramic pans which allow you to set the temperature in the oven by 25 degrees Fahrenheit lower than the recipe calls for.
*Thaw food on metal such as in a stainless steel pan.
*Keep the grease plates under your range burners clean to ensure the most heat is being reflected up.
* Use the appropriate size burner on the range - small for small pots, large for large pots.
*Don't worry so much about preheating for most recipes, except fragile pastries or cakes.

Large Purchasing Decisions

*Contact your utility company to see if they have a "check meter" which you plug into an appliance and get the exact voltage. This will help you decide whether it is worthwhile to replace an appliance.
*When shopping for home appliances and electronics, look for the "Energy Star" label.
*Choose an energy-efficient front-loading washing machine.
*If buying a new dryer, find one with a moisture sensor that turns off when the clothes are dry.
* Avoid automatic ice makers which use substantial energy.
*Side-by-side refrigerator freezers use more energy than a typical model.
*When buying a new stove, the induction cook tops are the most energy-efficient. These look like a ceramic cooking surface, like a countertop.
*If available, buy "green power" that comes from non-polluting sources of electricity such as solar cells and windmills.
*Replace very old windows with more energy-efficient ones.
*Choose a natural gas furnace over an oil furnace, which produces more CO2.
*Since dark colors absorb heat, choose a light-color roof shingle if you have a choice.
* You can apply a reflective coating to your existing roof. Two standard roofing coatings are available at your local home improvement store. They have both waterproofing and reflective properties and are marketed primarily for mobile homes and recreational vehicles. One coating is white latex that you can apply over many common roofing materials, such as asphalt and fiberglass shingles, tar paper, and metal. Most manufacturers offer a five-year warranty.

Winter Tips

* Put on an air conditioner cover during the winter to reduce drafts.
*Wear slippers and light sweaters so you can lower the temperature a few degrees.
*Cover your legs and/or torso with a lap quilt or blanket when sitting still at home.

Summer Tips

*Set the air-conditioner thermostat at 78 degrees or higher for the most energy-efficient operation.
*Install shaded window film to block extra sunlight and reduce air conditioning costs. Some states have tax incentives for you to do this. Some films are permanent so you might not install them if you want to get sun in your home during the winter.
* Use your microwave or outdoor grill instead of a range or oven to reduce the amount of heat you produce indoors.
*Use fans to move the air inside your home. This gives the sensation that it is 5 degrees cooler than the actual temperature.
*Shade windows on the sunny side of your home. Keep drapes closed or add room-darkening shades to block out the heat from the sun.
*Keep the outside portion of a central air conditioner clear from dried mud, debris and grass clippings. Check after an intense rain. Mud can splatter onto the unit and block the air after it dries.
*Plant trees or shrubs to shade air-conditioning units but do not block the airflow. A unit operating in the shade uses less electricity than the same one operating in the sun.
*On hot summer days, avoid opening doors and windows in your home durin the afternoon. This allows cool air to escape and hot air to enter the home. Choose activities that are either indoors or outdoors and restrict activities that require many door openings to the mornings.
*Shift energy-intensive tasks such as laundry and dishwashing to off-peak energy-demand hours to increase electricity reliability during heat waves.
*Save jobs that produce moisture - such as mopping, laundry and dishwashing - for early morning or nighttime hours. The humidity from these activities can make homes uncomfortable.
*Make sure the attic is properly ventilated to relieve excess summer heat.
*Install a radiant barrier on the underside of your roof to reflect heat. A radiant barrier is simply a sheet of aluminum foil with a paper backing.


*Turn off or even unplug your televisions when not in use. Televisions draw power constantly for the instant-on functionality.
* Compost kitchen wastes rather than use your garbage disposal.
*Recycle aluminum cans, glass bottles, plastic, cardboard and newspapers. Using recycled materials in manufacturing consumes less energy than using virgin materials.

rm_lovelyLady 64F
434 posts
10/28/2005 10:31 am

Top 10 Things You Can Do to Reduce Global Warming

Burning fossil fuels such as natural gas, coal, oil and gasoline raises the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and carbon dioxide is a major contributor to the greenhouse effect and global warming.

You can help to reduce the demand for fossil fuels, which in turn reduces global warming, by using energy more wisely. Here are 10 simple actions you can take to help reduce global warming.

1 Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Do your part to reduce waste by choosing reusable products instead of disposables. Buying products with minimal packaging (including the economy size when that makes sense for you) will help to reduce waste. And whenever you can, recycle: paper, plastic, newspaper, and aluminum cans. If there isn’t a recycling program at your work, school, or in your community, ask about starting one.

2 Insulate Your Home
Add extra insulation to your walls and attic, and install weather stripping or caulk around doors and windows. This step alone can reduce your home heating costs by more than 25 percent, by reducing the amount of energy you need to heat and cool your home.

3 Be Thrifty with Heating and Cooling
Turn down the heat while you’re sleeping at night or away during the day, and aim for moderation with heating and cooling at all times. Try pulling on a sweater before rushing to the thermostat.

4 Leave the Car at Home Whenever You Can
Less driving means fewer emissions. And besides saving gasoline, walking and biking are great forms of exercise. Explore your community’s mass transit system, and check out options for carpooling to work or school.

5 Buy Energy-Efficient Products
When it’s time to buy a new car, choose one that gives you the best gas mileage. Home appliances now come in a range of energy-efficient models, and compact florescent bulbs are now designed to provide more natural-looking light while using far less energy than standard light bulbs.

6 Turn Down Your Appliances
Set your water heater at 120 degrees to save energy, and wrap it in an insulating blanket if it is more than 5 years old. Buy low-flow showerheads to save water. Wash your clothes in warm or cold water to reduce your use of hot water and the energy required to produce it. Use the energy-saving settings on your dishwasher and let the dishes air-dry.

7 Don’t Leave the Water Running
Remember to turn off the water when you’re not using it. For example, while brushing your teeth, shampooing the dog, or soaping up your car, turn off the water until you actually need it for rinsing. You’ll reduce your water bill and help to conserve a vital natural resource.

8 Get a Report Card from Your Utility Company
Many utility companies provide home energy audits to help consumers identify areas in their homes that may not be energy efficient. In addition, many utility companies offer rebate programs to help pay for the cost of energy-efficient upgrades.

9 Be an Informed Consumer
Learn more about environmental issues so that you can make wise choices for yourself and your family.

10 Encourage Others to Conserve
Share information about recycling and energy conservation with your friends, neighbors and co-workers, and take opportunities to encourage public officials to establish programs and policies that are good for the environment.

These 10 steps will take you a long way toward reducing your energy use and your monthly budget. And less energy use means less dependence on the fossil fuels that contribute to global warming.

sleeplessknight1 68M

10/28/2005 3:59 pm

Good post... I need to do it justice....
will put my thoughts together.

rm_lovelyLady 64F
434 posts
10/29/2005 2:17 am

There is lots of good information here. I have know about this problem for some time, but it is so easy to ignore global problems, thinking what can I (I am just one little person) do? What difference will it make? Well I guess it is the thought that counts, personally. And in reality, I have been doing some small things, but I can do more. Many more...

Global Warming is not only the number one issue affecting the environment–it's one of the most important issues facing all of humanity. "It's something that's going to affect not only us, but our children and our grandchildren…and generations to come "

I have always thought that all of our government's priorities were in the wrong place.... Just think what it would be like if we all concentrated on protecting our resources...... the earth, the land, the people...

So, I have done what I could at the time, and now I am and will do more...... If we all did....... It would make a difference.......

BTW - I went to the store today and bought 5 new compact fluorescent light bulbs. Just remember - these will not work in a light fixture that has a 3-way light switch or in a fixture that has a dimmer. The compact fluorescent light bulbs that screw into a regular light fixture is either on or off - there is no in-between choice.

Now I will look over the lists and see what else I can do.

Have fun making changes for the better....
xoxo LL

sleeplessknight1 68M

10/29/2005 7:06 am

Unfortunately most people are selfish, "I am alright Jack",
attitude, or "it will never happen to me."

Yes we should all be very concerned, but the big problem
is communicating that concern to others.

So many of the things you list are just common sense.
If people just did a few, it would help the situation, and at
least slow it down.

The list is long and will frighten many people off.
I think we need to encourage others to follow the list,
on the grounds that many of the items would help their
personal situation, now.

It makes sense to have more fuel efficient and cleaner cars.
Here in the UK, you do not have to sell that idea, with fuel near
to 9 dollars an imperial gallon.

Londoners may remember smog or at least heard about it,
so they will appreciate the need for clean air, smokeless fuels.

Home fuel costs are also high, gas, oil and electricity, so again it is easier. here, to sell the idea of fuel reductions on the basis of cost.

The larger richer countries, or rather the heads of those countries
keep debating what can be done.
I think we know why the talks keep failing.... self interest.

I believe if the heads of government were truly convinced
that there is a problem for future generations there would be
a will to do something, urgently.

So what do we need?
We need facts. Everyone needs convincing that there is a
People need to be convinced that the items on your list can actually
help, now... save them money... even if they arent concerned
about the global effects.
We need to help other countries. Even if we could bring them
to the same position we are in, it would be a benefit.
We need to spend money..... help those other countries.

I will leave you with a thought...
When the dinosaurs died out due to climate change, it
was not caused by the dinosaurs.
This time we may die out, and this time it will be the fault of
the dinosaurs that don't think we have a problem.

(There you go Ed. blame it on the dinosaurs.)

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