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Daylight Saving Time
Daylight Saving Time
When we change our clocks
Time reverts to standard time at 2 a.m. on the last Sunday of October. In the U.S., each time zone switches at a different time.
Spring forward, Fall back
Date change in 2007
On August 8, 2005, President George W. Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005. This Act changed the time change dates in the U.S. Beginning in 2007, DST will begin on the second Sunday of March, and end the first Sunday of November. Note that the Secretary shall report to Congress on the impact of this change. Congress retains the right to revert the Daylight Saving Time back to the 2005 time schedules once the Department study is complete.
Spelling & grammar
The official spelling is Daylight Saving Time, not Daylight Savings Time.
Saving is used here as a verbal adjective (a participle). It modifies time and tells us more about its nature; namely, that it is characterized by the activity of saving daylight. It is a saving daylight kind of time. Similar examples would be dog walking time or book reading time. Since saving is a verb describing a single type of activity, the form is singular.
Nevertheless, many people feel the word savings (with an 's' ) flows more mellifluously off the tongue, and Daylight Savings Time is also in common usage, and can be found in dictionaries.
Part of the confusion is because the phrase Daylight Saving Time is inaccurate, since no daylight is actually saved. Daylight Shifting Time would be better, but it is not as politically desirable.
When in the morning?
In the U.S., clocks change at 2 am local time.
In Spring, clocks spring forward from 1:59 am to 3 am
in Fall, clocks fall back from 1:59 am to 1 am.
Nationwide, U.S. restaurants and bars have varied closing policies. In many states, liquor cannot be served after 2 a.m. But at 2 a.m. in the Fall, the time switches back one hour. So, can they serve for that additional hour in October? The official answer is that the bars do not close at 2 a.m. but actually at 1:59 a.m. So, they are already closed when the time changes from Daylight Saving Time into Standard Time. In practice however, many establishments stay open an extra hour in the Fall.
In the U.S., the changeover time was chosen to be 2 am, when most people are at home and, originally, the time when the fewest trains were running. This is practical and minimizes disruption. It is late enough to minimally affect bars and restaurants, and prevent the day from switching to yesterday (which would be confusing). It is early enough that the entire continental U.S. has switched by daybreak, and the changeover occurs before most early shift workers and early churchgoers (particularly on Easter).
Some U.S. areas
Daylight Saving Time, for the U.S. and its territories, is NOT observed in Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, most of the Eastern Time Zone portion of the State of Indiana, and the state of Arizona (not the Navajo Indian Reservation, which does observe). Navajo Nation participates in the Daylight Saving Time policy, due to its large size and location in three states.
A safety reminder
Many fire departments encourage people to change the battery in the smoke detector when they change their clocks, because it can be so easy to forget otherwise. "A working smoke detector more than doubles a person's chances of surviving a home fire," says William McNabb of the Troy Fire Department in Michigan. More than 90 percent of homes in the United States have smoke detectors, but one-third are estimated to have worn-out or missing batteries.
10/28/2005 3:58 pm
Personally I hate it when the clocks go back an hour. |
Dark mornings and dark evenings.... I would put them forward
There is nothing more depressing than it getting dark at 5pm.
We did try leaving the clocks alone here, a while back.
Some twit said it affected the farmers... oh yes the cows
and sheep needed an extra hr in bed.
In this age where few children walk to school I really
think that putting the clocks forward would not be
Let has have daylight for as long as possible at the end
of the day....
and yes yu are right its daylight shifting not saving(s).
10/28/2005 11:20 pm
Thanks for the reminder to set the clocks back to Standard time. At least it is in all the areas where daylight-saving time is observed. The entire state of Arizona is always on standard time. It is the only state not to recognize daylight-saving time. However, in some areas a city may be on daylight time, but the county folks remain on standard time.|
I found this information about how, when, and where it started. Personally, I don’t think it is needed anymore and I would be perfectly happy to never be changing the clocks back and forth anymore.
How did all this confusion come about? Civilization has always measured time based on the movement of the sun. Ancients used sundials. When mechanical clocks were invented, telling time was a bit more accurate; however, no two clocks were ever exactly the same.
England was the first country to adopt a standard time in order to keep its railroads on time. Great Britain established Greenwich Mean Time using a clock set by the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England. Even today that is the standard by which time is kept.
In America, William Lambert, an amateur astronomer, recommended Congress establish time zones. His recommendation was ignored, and it was not until 11 years later that the United States and Canada adopted time zones.
In 1918, the Standard Time Act became law, establishing standard time zones as set up by the railroads. Authority over this system was given to the Interstate Commerce Commission, the only federal transportation regulatory agency, but in 1966 Congress established the Department of Transportation and the responsibility passed to it.
The theory of daylight-saving time was first advanced by Benjamin Franklin.
The theory was just that, until Germany and Austria adopted it in April 1916 to save energy in World War I. Britain, at war with Germany, quickly followed suit.
The United States didn’t adopt daylight-saving time until 1918, but Congress, reacting to the cantankerous rural Americans who didn’t like messing around with God’s time, repealed the act a year later. President Franklin D. Roosevelt re-enacted daylight time in 1942. It was called “war time” and came off the books in 1945 at the end of World War II.
It became a perennial subject in Congress until finally, in 1966, Congress adopted the Uniform Time Act, better known as daylight-saving time. The new act left the adoption up to the state legislatures whether to accept daylight-saving time or to remain on standard time.
Only Arizona continues to hold out for standard time.
Daylight-saving time begins on the first Sunday in April and annually ends on the last Sunday in October, but that is all about to change in 2007.
Daylight time will start on the second Sunday in March and will end on the first Sunday in November. In August, President Bush signed an energy bill extending daylight-saving time by four weeks starting in 2007.
Daylight-saving time has always had a love/hate relationship in the United States. Nationally, parent-teacher associations have opposed the time change on the grounds that schoolchildren have to walk to school in the dark.
10/29/2005 6:17 am
Hi sleeplessknight1 I agree with you. Although we have been setting the clocks ahead and then back for as long as long as I can remember, I would be perfectly happy to never do it again. It seems all so silly to me. It is a fact of life that as the seasons change, so to does the amount of daylight change from more to less and then back... I totally agree with you... "Lets have daylight for as long as possible at the end of the day.... " |
10/29/2005 6:33 am
verywarm6942 Thanks for the info. So thats when it started? As far back as 1916? I'd say it is fairly out dated now. I wonder how many people would vote to discontinue it? |
I certainly would.