rm_homophone 63M
6 posts
6/3/2006 1:03 pm


We as humans all learn in different ways this we call learning styles. We could build things or assemble objects. We also could understand, translate, label, name and state. We also could respond, recognise, choose and initiate, and these are all ways in which we learn.

Learning Styles

There are four main learning styles, activists, reflectors, theorists, and pragmatists.

Activists are people who are open minded and involve themselves with new experiences. They are happy to try out anything once with no fear and suffer the consequences or jump in feet first without any thought at all. They thrive on new experiences, the life and soul of the party. They are busy all the time looking for new experiences with their here and now attitude.

Reflectors like to think about things first before making a move. They like to collect leaflets, handouts any kind of data to read and ponder on it before tackling the problem. They are thoughtful, observant, cautious, and are good listeners before making a point in meetings or in group activities.

Theorists are logical they think problems through and through right to the very last detail. They like to analyse and assimilate problems step by step in a logical way. They love theories and principles and reject anything that doesn’t fit in quite right and doesn’t make sense. They are perfectionists.

Pragmatists like to try new ideas out first; they see problems as a challenge and are practical in decision making and problem solving. They are always trying out new ideas and theories and techniques to see if they work. They like to experiment with problems first to find out if there is a better way round it.

Learning Theory

There is The Behaviourist Theory, The Cognitive Theory and The Humanist Theory.

The Behaviourist Theory

 Learning takes place in response for food and drink.
 Learning takes place in response to shelter, safety, security and comfort.
 Learning takes place with self-esteem and recognition.
 Learning takes place with the carrot and stick method or stimulus/response.
 Learning is teacher centred.

The Cognitive Theory

 Learning is an active process.
 Learning is about thinking, understanding, imagination and perception.
 Learning is about problem solving and being in different situations.
 Learning is about acquisition, assimilation and application (the three As).
 Learning is subject centred.

The Humanist Theory

 Learning takes place if they are interested.
 Learning takes place if they can grasp their own goals in life.
 Learning takes place if they are motivated into developing their own needs.
 Learning takes place if they are organised and integrated as whole beings.
 Learning is learner centred and effective.

The Domains of Learning

Psychomotor, Cognitive and Affective.

Psychomotor means doing things like:
Building, constructing, assembling, cooking, walking, swimming, cycling all these I have mentioned are skills of learning.

Cognitive means knowledge, understanding things like:
Translate, interpret, explain, summarise, define, outline, list, example, talking, problem solving, reading.

Affective means to respond to, to respect, to choose, to initiate, and to have an awareness of, loving, hating.


Motivations in adults are all different. It could be a person who has been unemployed and wants retraining for a new job, or a school leaver didn’t get the right grades or passes to get to college or university and needs to get higher grade marks or passes. It’s all about individual goals in life, if they have the motivation to do it.

We as tutors can help them by:

 Giving constructive feedback.
 Personal tutorials.
 Giving clear learning outcomes.
 Good communication skills, eye contact, body language and skilful questioning.
 A pleasant learning environment and experience.
 To understand the motive behind the person wishing to learn and to make the motive to work.


As well as there being four different types of learning styles, there are also four different types of learning theories. These need to be taken into consideration when looking to delivering a learning session for each student.

Because we have to cater for the individual needs of each student, we need to ensure that we vary our method of delivery and that we have some way of finding the individuals learning styles.

To continue with a fixed line of delivery when teaching could deter people from carrying on with their learning. An awareness of your groups needs is essential to ensure that they are benefiting from any learning experience.

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