Thessaloniki  

rm_Young102 40M
129 posts
2/1/2006 1:16 am

Last Read:
3/5/2006 9:27 pm

Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki, the second largest city in Greece with a population of about 1,500,000 inhabitants, is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It stretches over twelve kilometers in a bowl formed by low hills facing a bay that opens into the Gulf Thermaikos. It was founded about 315 B.C., on a site of old prehistoric settlements going back to 2300 B.C., by Cassander, King of Macedonia, and was named after his wife, Thessaloniki, sister of Alexander The Great. Since then, Thessaloniki has become the chief city of Macedonia and its most important commercial port. In Roman times it was visited by Saint Paul, who preached the new religion, and who later addressed his two well-known epistles (the oldest written documents of Christian literature) to the Christians of Thessaloniki.

315 B.C. Thessaloniki founded by King Cassander of Macedonia. The city soon becames the commercial and cultural center of Macedonia and of the Balkan peninsula.

168 B.C. The Romans make Thessaloniki the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia and the Southern Balkans. The construction of the famous Via Egnatia together with the cily's harbour contributes to Thessaloniki's growth and prosperity.

395A.D. Founding of the Byzantine Empire. Thessaloniki is proclaimed "coregent" with Constantinople. The city takes on a Byzantine character which it has maintained to the present day, with more (and more significant) Byzantine monuments than any other city in Europe.

1430 Thessaloniki is occupied by the Turks. After a period of economic and cultural stagnation, the cily begins to exploit the reforming tendencies of the Ottoman Empire and becomes once again a commercial and cultural beacon for the peoples of the Balkans.

1912 Thessaloniki is liberated by the Greek army on the feast day of its patron saint, Aghios Dimitrios. It soon enters a new period of rapid economic and cultural growth.

1994 Thessaloniki is one of the major metropolitan centres in the Mediterranean basin.

1997 Thessaloniki: The Cultural Capital of Europe.

Today: Thessaloniki is a thriving city and one of the most important trade and communications centres in the Mediterranean. This is evident from its financial and commercial activities, its port with its special Free Zone, which provides facilities to the other Balkan countries, its international airport, its important industrial complex, its annual International Trade Fair, etc.

Monuments
From the Roman period: the Triumphal Arch of Galerius and the Rotonda.
From Byzantine period: It was the second city after Constantinople. Its many churches with fine mosaics and wall-paintings are representative of various periods of Byzantine art. They include St. Demetrius, Panagia Acheiropoietus, the Holy Apostles, St. Sophia, St. Catherine, Panagia Chalkeon, St. Nicholas the Orphan, the Prophet Elijah, and the Monastery of Vlatadon. Large sections of the city-walls are also still standing, together with one of their main bastions, the well-known White Tower. Noteworthy from a national, spiritual and artistic viewpoint are also the continuing strong links between the the city of Thessaloniki and Mt. Athos.


papyrina 50F
21133 posts
2/3/2006 12:22 am

i agree with everything except the International airport.its a village airport that goes no where direct and they want to encourage international trade ect but how can we when our airport is next to useless.

you've guessed i have to go via italy to get to holland and its costing a fortune,grrrrrr


I'm a

and
i'm here to stay


rm_Young102 40M
181 posts
2/3/2006 11:02 am

Papy,

There is no doubt that the airport is crap and there are also other problems, too in Thessaloniki but being abroad now I tend to think the good aspects. To travel to US from Thessaloniki is a hussle (and costly) because of course you have to go basically through Athens or through some other European city. But there should be a direct flight to Holland but again I know that not many air carriers have direct flights from and to Thessaloniki. Anyway, things are changing, though slowly and as we say 'better late than never'.... everything will be done.

Have fun in Holland!


LadytoPleaseYou 64F
5447 posts
2/4/2006 6:02 pm

Very interesting. Again thanks for the education.

PENIS CHARMING....where are you?


rm_Young102 40M
181 posts
2/5/2006 9:48 am

LadytoPleaseYou,

You are welcome. It is my pleasure to educate inquiring minds!


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